According to the preliminary report of the population and household census 2022 released on Wednesday, the county’s total population is 16,51,58,616, up from 14,40,43,697 in 2011, with a 1.22 per cent growth rate in place of the previous 1.37 per cent.
Of the population, the number of women stands at 8,33,47,206, against the number of men at 8,17,12,824, with the ratio being 50.50 per cent to 49.50 per cent. After the previous census in 2011, the number of men was recorded at 7,21,09,796 while the number of women was 7,19,33,901.
Former chair of the department of population sciences at the University of Dhaka Dr Mohammad Mainul Islam said that females had outnumbered their male counterparts for the first time in six censuses since 1974.
The change in the pattern is not unusual given the falling maternal deaths, the rising life expectancy and higher number of men seeking overseas jobs than women, he said.
The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics that conducted the census digitally for the first time recorded the sex ratio at 98.04 at the national level, meaning that there are 98.04 men against 100 women.
The sex ratio was 100.3 in 2011.
Mainul Islam said that the sex ratio between 95 and 105 was acceptable but higher or lower than this figure reflected various problems, especially on the social and economic fronts in a country.
Though the population growth rate is falling, the population density is still growing at the national level to 1,119 than previous 976.
As usual, Dhaka led the divisions with population density of 2,156 in place of the previous 1,521 while Barisal has the least population density with 688 in place of the previous 650.
Among the city corporations, Dhaka South City Corporation has topped the population density with 39,353 compared with the Dhaka North City Corporation’s 30,474.
However, the population under the Dhaka North City Corporation at 59,79,537 is higher than the population under the Dhaka South City Corporation at 42,99,345.